Recent News

January 2019

Springsnails grow to a maximum size of 2-3 mm (about 2-3x the thickness of your fingernail). Magnified here by MNA’s macroinvertebrate imaging lab.

Springsnails grow to a maximum size of 2-3 mm (about 2-3x the thickness of your fingernail). Magnified here by MNA’s macroinvertebrate imaging lab.

SSI is excited to announce that we are embarking on a Regional Springsnail Conservation Strategy. Springsnails are often highly endemic to individual springs ecosystems, a result of the role of springs as a paleorefugia for life developed when the Southwest was considerably wetter. Unfortunately, this endemism makes individual springsnail species vulnerable to extinction due to the vulnerability of springs to human and natural disturbance and change. The purpose of this project is to develop a comprehensive conservation strategy for springsnails in Utah and Nevada to safeguard the existing springsnail species richness and diversity. This strategy will help the Springsnail Conservation Team (SCT), and a group of agencies working under the 2017 springsnail Conservation Agreement, to develop a Conservation Agreements and Strategies (CAS) document that will allow for conservation actions and threat abatement. The long-term goal is to protect the 93 species of springsnails and prevent any new listings under the Endangered Species Act.

You can view the first of five webinar’s that SSI will host as the Conversation Strategy is underway.

June 2018

SSI, in partnership with the National Park Service, hosted the first Springs Ecosystem Science Symposium at the Museum of Northern Arizona. The event was a great success, with researchers and collaborators from federal agencies, tribes, and non-profits coming together to further the individual and collective knowledge about the latest in springs ecosystems and innovative research across the West. You can find the program and presentations here.

June 5, 2017 - Grand Canyon Springs Smartphone App

SSI has developed a second smartphone app. The latest one is specifically for the Grand Canyon, and allows back-country users to report about the condition of springs, upload photographs, find new springs, and to improve mapping accuracy. If you spend time in Grand Canyon and want to get involved, you can find more information here.

November 8, 2016 - Springs restoration project

Last year, the U.S. Forest Service partnered with the Hopi Tribe in an effort to restore two culturally significant springs ecosystems on Kaibab National Forest.  The Hopi-Kaibab National Forest Spring Restoration Project engaged Hopi youth, elders, and cultural resources managers, and the Springs Stewardship Institute was honored to be invited to participate. We sincerely look forward to future collaborations with the U.S. Forest Service and Tribal communities. 

December 15, 2015 - SSI to Develop a Springs App

We are pleased to announce a new collaborative project with the Wildlands Network and Northern Arizona University to develop a springs app for smart phones and tablets. This project will engage the public in monitoring springs. We deeply appreciate the support of the Nina Mason Pulliam Charitable Trust for making this project possible. See an article in the Arizona Daily Sun.

August 3, 2015

Dr. Larry Stevens instructs workshop participants in recording the Solar Radiation Budget for a Spring using a Solar Pathfinder. Photo by Molly Joyce.

The Springs Stewardship Institute co-hosted a "Springs Assessment and Climate Adaptation" workshop with the Mountain Studies Institute in Durango, CO. The workshop included participants from the Bureau of Land Management, National Forest Service, and Environmental Protection Agency, as well as members of the Hopi and Southern Ute Tribes, students from University of Nevada Las Vegas and Northern Arizona University, and more. The workshop was a major success and SSI will be hosting more workshops in the future that will feature beginner and advanced curriculum.

July 14, 2015

Apache National Forest. Photo by Molly Joyce.

Apache National Forest. Photo by Molly Joyce.

Recently returned from Apache Sitgreaves National forest, SSI is busy at work entering in data from the many springs surveyed. Many of the springs surveyed were affected by the Wallow Fire of 2011. The good news is that the forest looks like it is recovering nicely.

May 29, 2015

Dr. Larry Stevens presenting SSI Inventory and Assessment protocols to workshop participants on May 20th, 2015. Photo by Molly Joyce.

The Springs Stewardship Institute was featured on the front page of the AZ Daily Sun, who covered our "Springs Inventory and Assessment Protocols" workshop. SSI was pleased to have 18 participants from land management organizations across the southwest. The level of involvement and interest exhibited by participants ensures that our work is moving in a positive direction. Read more about the current status of springs on our website and in the featured article here.

May 18, 2015

Leopard frog tadpoles thriving in springs near Vermilion Cliffs, Arizona. Photo by Molly Joyce.

The Springs Stewardship Institute spent three days at Vermilion Cliffs, surveying monitored springs for the Grand Canyon Trust. Management efforts are showing positive signs of rehabilitation. Continue to follow us on Facebook or Instagram for updates on Springs Inventory and Assessment projects.



April 16, 2015

KNAU, Arizona Public Radio, aired a segment featuring Dr. Abe Springer of Northern Arizona University, discussing Dr. Springer's and the Springs Stewardship Institute's groundbreaking research on springs ecology. Listen in to the segment at

April 14, 2015

Dr. Larry Stevens at the Naturhistorisches Museum in Vienna, Austria, examining a type specimen of Brechmorhoga pertinax. Photo by Jeri Ledbetter

Whilst in Vienna, Austria for the 5th International HydroEco Conference, Dr. Larry Stevens and Jeri Ledbetter met with curators at the Naturhistorisches Museum of Vienna to examine a type specimen of Anisoptera, Brechmorhoga pertinax, collected in Mexico in 1871. Dr. Stevens is comparing this specimen to one found in Grand Canyon, which he speculates could be a new species.

April 3, 2015

The Springs Stewardship Institute has launched its redesigned website. The new site is mobile friendly and offers improved navigability for researchers, land managers, and other site visitors. Springs Online, SSI's online database, is still located at its domain,, and the previous domain, will automatically forward visitors to the new site.

March 31, 2015

Dr. Larry Stevens and Jeri Ledbetter will be attending the 5th International Multidisciplinary Conference on Hydrology and Ecology in Vienna, Austria. They will be presenting their research, “Springs Ecosystem Inventory, Assessment, and Systematic Information Management: A Global Approach,” to members of the European Union to spread awareness of Springs Stewardship. They will be representing SSI and the Museum of Northern Arizona at this prestigious international event. 

Arizona Tiger Salamander, discovered along the Colorado River in Grand Canyon National Park by Dr. Larry Stevens and his team.

Arizona Tiger Salamander, discovered along the Colorado River in Grand Canyon National Park by Dr. Larry Stevens and his team.

March 25, 2015

A wandering Arizona Tiger Salamander was found by Dr. Larry Stevens, along with a group of Prescott College students and faculty, along the banks of the Colorado River in Grand Canyon National Park. The salamander has never been seen in this habitat before, and it was believed to prefer higher elevations. Read more about this discover in the Arizona Daily Sun's feature article. 

February 20, 2015

The Arizona Daily Sun quoted Dr. Larry Stevens in an article concerning the declining water levels of springs in Grand Canyon National Park.

February 20, 2015

National Geographic interviewed Dr. Abe Springer about springs resources and the work of Springs Stewardship Institute.

July 23, 2014

Grand Canyon National Park released a new video featuring Dr. Larry Stevens and park hydrologist, Cynthia Valle, surveying springs on a river trip in April 2014. View the 9-minute movie here.

July 11, 2014

Jeri Ledbetter and coauthor Dr. Larry Stevens regularly give presentations at regional conferences. In July they presented a paper at the Society for Conservation GIS Annual Conference in Monterey, California.