Adams, Eric A. 2005. Determining Ephemeral Spring Flow Timing with Laboratory and Field Techniques: Applications to Grand Canyon, Arizona.
AGIC. 2009. Subbasin (8-digit HUC) Boundaries – NHD. Retrieved from http://agic.az.gov/portal/dataList.do?sort=theme&dataset=415 on 9/4/2010.
Alberta Geological Survey. 2009. Locations of Alberta Springs (GIS data, point features). Retrieved from http://www.ags.gov.ab.ca/publications/DIG/ZIP/DIG_2009_0002.zip in June 2009.
ALRIS. 1988. County Boundaries. Arizona State Land Department, Arizona Land Resources Information System. Retrieved from http://www.land.state.az.us/alris/layers.html on 8/1/2010.
ALRIS. 1993. Springs. Arizona State Land Department, Arizona Land Resources Information System. Retrieved from http://www.land.state.az.us/alris/layers.html in February 2010.Arnett, R.H., Jr. 1985.
American insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.
Baker, M.B. Jr., P.F. Folliott, L. DeBano, and D.G. Neary, editors. 2004. Riparian Areas of the Southwestern United States: Hydrology, Ecology, and Management. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton.
Barton, D.R. and W.D. Tayor. 1985. Dimensions of riparian buffer strips required to maintain trout habitat in southern Ontario streams. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 5:364-378.
Beard, G. R., W. A. Scott, and J. K. Adamson. 1999. The value of consistent methodology in long-term environmental monitoring. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 54: 239 Bonham, C. D. 1989. Measurements for Terrestrial Vegetation. John Wiley & Sons, NY.
Blinn, Dean W, Chris Pinney, and Milton Sanderson. 1982. Nocturnal Planktonic Behavior of Ranatra Montezuma Polhemus (Nepidae: Hemiptera) in Montezuma Well, Arizona. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 55(3), 1982, pp. 481-484.
Blinn, Dean W. 2008. Aridland Springs: Ecology and Conservation. Stevens & Meretsky, ed. The Extreme Environment, Trophic Structure, and Ecosystem Dynamics of a Large, Fishless Desert Spring.
Blinn, D.W. and D.E. Ruiter. 2009. Caddisfly (Trichoptera) assemblages along major river drainages in Arizona. Western North American Naturalist 69:295-298.
Bonham, C.D. 1989. Measurements for Terrestrial Vegetation. John Wiley& Sons, New York.
Boon, P.J. and C.M. Pringle. 2009. Assessing the Conservation Value of Fresh Waters. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Borneuf D. 1983. Springs of Alberta, Earth sciences report 82–3. Alberta Research Council, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
Borror, D.J., D.M. DeLong, and C.A. Triplehorn. 1976. An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, NY.
Botosaneanu, L., editor. 1998. Studies in Crenobiology: The Biology of Springs and Springbrooks. Backhuys, Leiden, Netherlands.
Brinson, M.M. 1993. Hydrogeomorphic classification for wetlands: final report. Report No. WESTRWRPDE4. East Carolina Univ., Greenville, NC (USA).
Brinson, M. M, F. R. Hauer, L. C. Lee, W. L. Nutter, R. D. Rheinhardt, R. D. Smith, and D. Whigham. 1995. A Guidebook for Application of Hydrogeomorphic Assessments to Riverine Wetlands. Technical Report WRP-DE-11. U. S. Army Corps of Engineers Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, Mississippi.
Brock, T.D. 1994. Life at High Temperatures. Yellowstone Association for Natural Science, History & Education, Inc., Yellowstone.
Brown, Bryan T. & Susan Moran. 1979. An Inventory of surface Water Resources in Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona.
Brune, Gunnar M. 1981. Springs of Texas. Texas A&M College.
Buchanan, T.J. and W.P. Somers. 1968. Stage measurements at gaging stations, Techniques of Water Resources Investigations Book 3, Chapter A7. U.S. Geological Survey. Burt, W.H., and R.P. Grossenheider. 1980. Peterson Field Guides: Mammals, 4th Ed. Houghton Mifflin Company, New York.
Burke, K.J., K.A. Harcksen, L.E. Stevens, R.J. Andress, and R.J. Johnson. 2015. Collaborative rehabilitation of Pakoon Springs in Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument, Arizona. Pp. 312-330 in Huenneke, L.F., C. van Riper III, and K.A. Hayes-Gilpin, editors. The Colorado Plateau VI: Science and Management at the Landscape Scale. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
Campbell, C.J., and W. Green. 1986. Perpetual succession of stream-channel vegetation in a semiarid region. Journal of the Arizona Academy of Science 5:86-97.
Davis, W. and T. Simone, editors. 1995. Biological Assessment and Criteria: Tools for Water Resource Planning and Decision Making. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton.
Deacon, J.E. and J.E. Williams. 1991. Ash Meadows and the legacy of the Devils Hole pupfish. Pp. 69-87 in Minckley, W.L. and J.E. Deacon, editors. Battle Against Extinction: Native Fish Management in the American West. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
Duff, D.A. 1996. Conservation assessment for inland cutthroat trout status and distribution. USDA, National Forest Service, Intermountain Region, Ogden, UT.
Erman, N.A. and D.C. Erman. 1990. Biogeography of caddisfly (Trichoptera) assemblages in cold springs of the Sierra Nevada (California, USA). California Water Resources Center.
Erman, N. A. 1992. Factors determining biodiversity in Sierra Nevada cold spring systems. Pages 119-127 in C. A. Hall, Jr., V. Doyle-Jones, and B. Widawski, editors. The History of Water: Eastern Sierra Nevada, Owens Valley, White-Inyo Mountains. University of California White Mountains Research Station, Los Angeles, California.
Fagan, W.F., C. Kennedy, C. Aumann, and P.J. Unmack. 2005. Rarity, fragmentation and the scale-dependence of extinction risk in desert fishes. Ecology. 86: 34-41.
Ferrington, L. C., Jr. 1995. Biodiversity of aquatic insects and other invertebrates in springs: introduction. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society supplement 68:1-3.
Fleishman, Dick. 2009. USFS. Personal communication in June 2009.
Flora, Stephen P. 2004. Hydrogeological Characterization and Discharge Variability of Springs in the Middle Verde River Watershed, Central Arizona. Available at http://docs.springstewardship.org/PDF/flora04.pdf.
Gleick, P. 2010. Bottled and Sold: the Story Behind Our Obsession with Bottled Water. Island Press/Shearwater Press, Washington.
Gleick, P., H. Cooley, M.J. Cohen, M. Morikawa, J. Morrison, and M. Palaniappan. 2009. The World’s Water: The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources. Island Press, Washington.
Glennon, R. 2002. Water Follies. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
Graham, Tim B. 1997. The Knowles Canon hanging garden, Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, five years after burning: vegetation and soil biota patterns. pp. 173-190 in C. van Riper III and E. T. Deshler (eds.) Proceedings of 3rd Biennial Conference of Research on the Colorado Plateau, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ. Retrieved from http://www.cnr.usu.edu/wild/files/uploads/WILD%20ADJUNCT/CVGraham09full.pdf on 5/2/11.
Grand Canyon Wildlands Council, Inc. 2002. Arizona Strip Springs, Seeps and Natural Ponds: Inventory, Assessment, and Development of Recovery Priorities. Grand Canyon Wildlands Council, Inc., Flagstaff, AZ. Available at http://docs.springstewardship.org/PDF/ASSP_Final_Report020430.pdf
Grand Canyon Wildlands Council, Inc. 2004. Biological inventory and assessment of ten South Rim springs in Grand Canyon National Park: final report. National Park Service Report, Grand Canyon.
Grand Canyon Wildlands Council. 2004. An Inventory, Assessment, and Development of Recovery Priorities for Arizona Strip Springs, Seeps and Natural Ponds.
Grand Canyon Trust. 2010. Become a Spring Steward Volunteer. Retrieved from http://www.gcvolunteers.org/trainings_stewards.html on February 6, 2011.
Green, L. Megan. 2008. A Conceptual Hydrogeologic Model For Fossil Springs, Western Mongollon Rim, Arizona: Implications for Regional Springs Processes.
Gunderson, L.H., C.S. Holling, and S.S. Light. 1995. Barriers and bridges to learning in a turbulent human ecology. Pp. 461-488 in Gunderson, L.H., C.S. Holling, and S.S. Light, editors. Barriers and Bridges to the Renewal of Ecosystems and Institutions. Columbia University Press, New York.
Halfpenny, J. and Biesiot E. 1986. A Field Guide to Mammal Tracking in North America. Johnson Publishing, Boulder, Colorado.
Hauer, F.R. and G.A. Lamberti. 1996. Methods in Stream Ecology. Academic Press, San Diego.
Hershler, R. 1994. A review of the North American freshwater snail genus Pyrgulopsis.
Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 554: 1-115.
Hershler, R., H.-P. Liu, and M. Mulvey. 1999. Phylogenetic relationships within the aquatic snail genus Tryonia: implications for biogeography of the North American Southwest. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 13:377-391.
H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment. 2008. The State of the Nation's Ecosystems 2008: Measuring the Land, Waters, and Living Resources of the United States. Island Press, Washington.
Holling, C. S., editor. 1978. Adaptive Environmental Assessment and Management. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 454 p.
Hallam, Valerie G. 2010. Detailed Statistical Analyses of Fundamental Properties of Springs Ecosystems in relation to their Geomorphological and Ecological Diversity.
Jansen, A. and A.I. Robertson. 2001. Relationships between livestock management and the ecological condition of riparian habitats along an Australian floodplain river. Journal of Applied Ecology 38:67-75.
Jowett, I.G. 1997. Instream flow methods: a comparison of approaches. Regulated Rivers: Research & Management 13:115-127.
Karr, J. R. 1991. Biological integrity: a long-neglected aspect of water resource management. Ecological Applications 1:66-84.
Karr, J.R. 1999. Defining and measuring river health. Freshwater Biology 41:221-234.
Kreamer, D.K., L.E. Stevens, and J.D. Ledbetter. 2015. Groundwater Dependent Ecosystems - Science, Challenges, and Policy Directions. Groundwater. S.M. Adelana, ed. Nova Science Publishers, Inc. Available at http://docs.springstewardship.org/PDF/Kreamer_et_al_2014_unlocked.pdf
Kodric-Brown, A., C. Wilcox, J.G. Bragg, and J.H. Brown. 2007. Dynamics of fish in Australian desert springs: role of large-mammal disturbance. Diversity and Distribution 13:789-798.
Kodric-Brown, A. and J.H. Brown. 2007. Native fishes, exotic mammals, and the conservation of desert springs. Frontiers in Ecology and The Environment 5:549-553.
Kresic, N. and Z. Stevanovic, editors. 2010. Groundwater Hydrology of Springs: Engineering, Theory, Management, and Sustainability. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
Landwehr, J.M. and I.J. Winograd. 2004. A Devils Hole Primer. Retrieved from http://water.usgs.gov/nrp/devils.html on 5/2/11.
Ledbetter, Jeri D. 2010. Analysis of Nonnative Plant Species Invasion of Springs Within Coconino National Forest.
Ledbetter, Jeri D., Lawrence E. Stevens, Marguerite Hendrie, and Ariel Leonard. Ecological Inventory and Assessment of Springs Ecosystems on Kaibab National Forest, Northern Arizona, USA. 12th Biennial Conference of Science and Management on the Colorado Plateau. Available at http://docs.springstewardship.org/PDF/Kaibab_Springs_Published_2016.pdf
Ledbetter, Jeri D, LE Stevens, & AE Springer. 2012. Springs Inventory Database. MS Access database.
Lee, K.N. 1993. Compass and Gyroscope: Integrating Science and Politics for the Environment. Island Press, Washington D.C.
Lowe, R.L. and G.D. LaLiberte. 1996. Benthic stream algae: distribution and structure. Pp 269-293 in F. R. Hauer and G.A.
Lamberti, editors. Methods in Stream Ecology. Academic Press, San Diego.
Mace, R.E., and Angle, E.S., 2004, Aquifers of the Edwards Plateau. Pp. 1-20 in Mace, R.E., E.S. Angle, and W.F. Mullican III, editors. Aquifers of the Edwards Plateau, Texas Water Development Board Report 360, Austin.
Macholl, Jacob A. 2007. Inventory of Wisconsin’s Springs. Retrieved from http://www.uwex.edu/wgnhs/wofrs/WOFR2007-03.pdf on 5/2/2011.
Mageau, M.T., R. Costanza, and R.E. Ulanowicz. 1995. The development, testing and application of a quantitative assessment of ecosystem health. Ecosystem Health 1:201-213.
Merritt, R.W., K.W. Cummins, and M.B. Berg, editors. 2008. An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America. 4th Edition. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque.
Meinzer, O. E. 1927. Large springs in the United States. Water Supply Paper 557, U.S. Geological Survey, Washington.
Mitsch, W.J. and J.G. Gosselink. 2000. Wetlands, 3rd edition. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Minckley,W. and J.Deacon, editors. 1991. Battle Against Extinction: Native Fish Management in the American West. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
Monroe, Stephen A. and Ronald C. Antweiler, Robert J. Hart, Howard E. Taylor, Margot Truini, John R. Rihs, and Tracey J. Felger. 2004. Chemical Characteristics of Ground-Water Discharge along the South Rim of Grand Canyon in Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona, 2000-2001. Available at http://docs.springstewardship.org/PDF/sir2004-5146.pdf.
Munch, D.A., D.J. Toth, C-t. Huang, J.B. Davis, C.M. Fortich, W.L. Osburn, E.J. Phlips, E.L. Quinlan, M.S. Allen, M.J. Woods, P. Cooney, R.L. Knight, R.A. Clarke, and S.L. Knight. 2006. Fifty-year Retrospective Study of the Ecology of Silver Springs, Florida. Special Publication SJ2007-SP4, Florida Department of Environmental Protection , Tallahassee. Available on-line at: http://www.sjrwmd.com/technicalreports/pdfs/SP/SJ2007-SP4.pdf (accessed 29 Aug 2010).
Mundorff, J. C. 1971. Non-thermal Springs of Utah. Water Resources Bulletin 16, Utah Geological and Mineralogical Society.
National Research Council. 1992. Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.
Nekola, J. C. 1999. Paleorefugia and neorefugia: the influence of colonization on community pattern and process. Ecology 80:2459-2473.
Nelson, J.S. 2006. Fishes of the World, 4th Edition. Wiley, Inc., Hoboken.
Nelson, N. 2008. Between the cracks: water law and springs conservation in Arizona. Pp. 318-331 in Stevens, L.E. and V.J. Meretsky. Aridland Springs in North America: Ecology and Conservation. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
Newell, A. D. and M. L. Morrison. 1993. Use of overlap studies to evaluate methods changes in water chemistry protocols. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 67: 433-456.
Nevada Springs Restoration Committee. Stevens, L.E., R.J. Andress, S. Carman, J. Gurrieri, D. Kreamer, D.R. Sada, C. Tait. 2012. A Restoration Guide for Nevada, Great Basin and Mojave/Sonoran Desert Springs: Executive Summary.
Oakley, K.L., L.P. Thomas, S.G. Fancy. 2003. Guidelines for long-term monitoring protocols. Wildlife Society Bulletin:10-16.
Patten, D.T. and L.E. Stevens. 2001. Restoration of the Colorado River ecosystem using planned flooding. Ecological Applications 11:633-634.
Perla, B.S. and L.E. Stevens. 2008. Biodiversity and productivity at an undisturbed spring, in comparison with adjacent grazed riparian and upland habitats. Pp. 230-243 in Stevens, L.E. and V. J. Meretsky, editors. Aridland Springs in North America: Ecology and Conservation. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
Phelps, G.G., 2004, Chemistry of ground water in the Silver Springs Basin, Florida, with an emphasis on nitrate: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5144.
Plan, L., G. Kuschnig, and H. Stadler. 2010. Case study: Klaffer Spring - the major spring of the Vienna water supply (Austria). pp. 411-427 in Kresic, N. and Z. Stevanovic, editors. Groundwater Hydrology of Springs: Engineering, Theory, Management, and Sustainability. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
Prescott, G.W. 1978. How to Know the Freshwater Algae, 3rd Ed. Wm. C. Brown Company Publishers, Dubuque, Iowa
Rice, Steven E. 2007. Springs as Indicators of Drought: Physical and Geochemical Analyses in the Middle Verde River Watershed, Arizona. Available at http://docs.springstewardship.org/PDF/Rice_2007.pdf.
Richter, B.D., J.V. Baumgartner, J. Powell, and D.P. Braun. 1996. A method for assessing hydrologic alteration within ecosystems. Conservation Biology 10:1163-1174.
Richter, B.D, R. Matthews, D.L. Harrison, and R. Wigington. 2003. Ecologically sustainable water management: managing river flows for ecological integrity. Ecological Applications 13:206-224.
Rosgen, D. L. 1996. Applied River Morphology. Wildlands Hydrology, Pagosa Springs
Runck, Clay and Dean Blinn. 1994. Role of Belostoma bakeri (Heteroptera) in the trophic ecology of a fishless desert spring. Limnology and Oceanography. 39(8), 1994, 1800-1812. Retrieved from http://www.aslo.org/lo/toc/vol_39/issue_8/1800.pdf on 5/2/11.
Sada, Donald W. and Janet Nachlinger. 1996. Spring Mountains Ecosystem: Vulnerability of Spring-Fed Aquatic and Riparian Systems to Biodiversity Loss.
Sada, D. W. and K.F. Pohlman. 2002. Spring Inventory and Monitoring Protocols. Conference Proceedings. Spring-fed Wetlands: Important Scientific and Cultural Resources of the Intermountain Region, 2002. Available at https://www.dri.edu/images/stories/conferences_and_workshops/spring-fed-wetlands/spring-fed-wetlands-sada-pohlmann-protocol.pdf.
Sada, D.W. and K.F. Pohlman. 2006. U.S. National Park Service Mojave Inventory and Monitoring Network spring survey protocols: Level I, 19 November 2003. Desert Research Institute, Inc., Reno. Available at http://water.nv.gov/hearings/past/dry/browseable/exhibits%5CUSFWS/Exhibit%20595%20Sada%20and%20Pohlmann%202006.pdf.
Sada, D.W., 2008a. Great Basin riparian and aquatic ecosystems. Collaborative Management and Research in the Great Basin. Examining issues and developing a framework for action, U.S. Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Reno.
Sada, D.W., 2008b. Synecology of a springsnail (Caenogastropoda: Hydrobiidae) assemblage in a western U.S. thermal spring province. The Veliger 50:59-71.
Scott, T.M. G.H. Means, R.P. Meegan, R.C. Means, S. Upchurch, R.E. Copeland, J. Jones, T. Roberts, and A. Willet. 2004. Springs of Florida. Florida Geological Survey Bulletin 66, Tallahassee.
Sibley, D.A. 2000. National Audubon Society: The Sibley Guide to Birds. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.
Schoeneberger, P.J., D.A Wysocki., E.C. Benham, and W.D. Broderson (editors). 2002. Field Book for Describing and Sampling Soils. Version 2.0. Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Soil Survey Center, Lincoln, NE.
Shampine, W.J. 1993. Quality assurance and quality control in monitoring programs. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 26 (2-3): 143-151.
Solomon, S. 2010. Water: The Epic Struggle for Wealth, Power, and Civilization. HarperCollins, New York.
Springer, A.E., L.E. Stevens, and R. Harms. 2006. Inventory and classification ofselected National Park Service springs on the Colorado Plateau: NPS Cooperative Agreement Number CA 1200-99-009. National Park Service, Flagstaff.
Springer, A.E. and L.E. Stevens. 2008. Spheres of discharge of springs. Hydrogeology Journal DOI 10.1007/s10040-008-0341-y.
Springer, A.E., L.E. Stevens, D. Anderson, R.A. Parnell, D. Kreamer, and S. Flora. 2008. A comprehensive springs classification system: integrating geomorphic, hydrogeochemical, and ecological criteria. Pp. 49-75 in Stevens, L.E. and V. J. Meretsky, editors. Aridland Springs in North America: Ecology and Conservation. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
Springer, Abe. 2010. Hydrogeology of a sustainable Large-Scale Forest Restoration Treatment in Arizona. Retrieved from http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2010AM/finalprogram/abstract_178544.htm on 7/3/2011.
Stebbins, R. C. 1985. A field guide to western reptiles and amphibians. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.
Stevens, L.E. and B.D. Gold. 2002. A long-term monitoring program for adaptive management of the Colorado River ecosystem in Glen and Grand canyons. Pp. 101-134 in Busch, D. and J. Trexler, editors. Interdisciplinary Approaches for Evaluating Ecoregional Initiatives. Island Press, New York.
Stevens, L.E., and G.P. Nabhan. 2002. Hydrological diversity: water’s role in shaping natural and cultural diversity on the Colorado Plateau. Pages 33-40 in Center for Sustainable Environments Terralingua and Grand Canyon Wildlands Council, editors. Safeguarding the Uniqueness of the Colorado Plateau: An Ecoregional Assessment of Biocultural Diversity. Center for Sustainable Environments, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff.
Stevens, L.E., and G.P. Nabhan. 2002. Biodiversity: plant and animal endemism, biotic associations, and unique habitat mosaics in living landscapes. Pages 41-48 in Center for Sustainable Environments Terralingua and Grand Canyon Wildlands Council, editors. Safeguarding the Uniqueness of the Colorado Plateau: An Ecoregional Assessment of Biocultural Diversity. Center for Sustainable Environments, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff.
Stevens, L.E. and A.E. Springer. 2004. A conceptual model of springs ecosystem ecology: Task 1B Final Report, NPS Cooperative Agreement Number CA 1200-99-009. National Park Service, Flagstaff.
Stevens, L.E. and A.E. Springer. 2005. Spring ecosystems inventory protocol for park units in the Northern and Southern Colorado Plateau Networks. National Park Service Colorado Plateau Spring Ecosystem Survey, National Park Service, Flagstaff.
Stevens, L.E., and V J. Meretsky, editors. 2008. Aridland Springs in North America: Ecology and Conservation. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
Stevens, L.E. andJ.T. Polhemus. 2008. Biogeography ofaquatic and semi-aquatic Heteroptera in the Grand Canyon ecoregion, southwestern USA. Monographs of the Western North American Naturalist 4:38-76.
Stevens, L.E. andJ.T. Polhemus. 2008. Biogeography ofaquatic and semi-aquatic Heteroptera in the Grand Canyon ecoregion, southwestern USA. Monographs of the Western North American Naturalist 4:38-76.
Stevens, L.E. and R.A. Bailowitz. 2009. Odonata biogeography in the Grand Canyon ecoregion, southwestern U.S.A. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 102:261-274.
Stevens, L.E., A.E. Springer, and Jeri Ledbetter. 2011. Inventory and Monitoring Protocols for Springs Ecosystems. http://docs.springstewardship.org/PDF/Springs_Inventory_Protocols_110602.pdf.
Society for Range Management. 1995. New concepts for assessment of rangeland condition. Journal of Range Management 48:271-283.Sogge, M. K., T. J. Tibbitts, and J. R. Petterson. 1997. Status and breeding ecology of the Southwestern Willow Flycatcher in the Grand Canyon. Western Birds 28:142-157.
Solar Pathfinder. 2011. Instruction Manual for the Solar Pathfinder. Solar Pathfinder, Inc., Hartford, SD.
Southern Colorado Plateau Network. 2007. Monitoring Spring Ecosystems. Retrieved from http://science.nature.nps.gov/im/units/scpn/monitoring/SeepSpringTinaja.cfm on February 6, 2011.
Thorp, J.H. and A.P. Covich, editors. 1991. Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
Töth, D.J. and B.G. Katz. 2006. Mixing of shallow and deep groundwater as indicated by the chemistry and age of karstic springs. Hydrogeology Journal 14:827-847.
U.S. Department of Interior. 1991. Riparian-wetland initiative for the 1990’s. Bureau of Land Management, Washington.
U.S. Department of the Interior. 1993. Riparian area management: process for assessing proper functioning condition. Technical Reference 1737-9, Bureau of Land Management, Washington.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1980. Habitat Evaluation Procedures. Ecological Services Manual 102, Washington, D.C.
U.S. Forest Service. 2012. Groundwater-Dependent Ecosystems: Level I Inventory Field Guide, Inventory Methods for Project Design and Analysis. Available at http://www.fs.fed.us/geology/GDE_Level_I_FG_final_March2012_rev1_printing.pdf.
U.S. Forest Service. 2012. Groundwater-Dependent Ecosystems: Level II Inventory Field Guide, Inventory Methods for Project Design and Analysis. Available at http://www.fs.fed.us/geology/GDE_Level_II_FG_final_March2012_rev1_s.pdf
Vegetation Sub-Committee: Federal Geographic Data Committee. 1997. National Vegetation Classification Standard. Report FDGC-STD-005.
Vineyard JD, Feder GL. 1982. Springs of Missouri, revised edn. WR29, Missouri Geological Survey and Water Resources, Jefferson City, MO.
Wagner, Vincent T and Dean Blinn. 2000. Montezuma Well: The Living Desert Oasis. Arizona Roadside Environments website. Retrieved from http://www.nau.edu/~envsci/naeerc/meresi/research/sites/montezuma.html on 5/2/11.
Walters, C. J. 1986. Adaptive Management of Renewable Resources. McMillan Publishing Co., New York, NY.
West, G.J. and K.R. McGuire. 2002. 9,500 years of burning recorded in a high desert marsh. In Spring-fed Wetlands: Important Scientific and Cultural Resources of the Intermountain Region Conference Proceedings. Available on-line at: http://www.dri.edu/images/stories/conferences_and_workshops/spring-fed-wetlands/spring-fed-wetlands-west-mcguire.pdf (accessed 1 June 2011).
Williams, D.D., and H.V. Danks. 1991. Arthropods of springs: introduction. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 155:3-4.
Williams, Dudley, Nancy Williams, Yong Cao. 1997. Spatial differences in macroinvertebrate community structure in springs in southeastern Ontario in relation to their chemical and physical environments. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 75:1404-1414, 10.1139/z97-767. Retrieved from http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/z97-767 on 5/4/2011.
Wilshire, H.G., J.E. Nielson, and R.W. Hazlett. 2008. The American West at Risk: Science, Myths, and Politics of Land Abuse and Recovery. Oxford University Press, Oxford.